Many Fedora users are unaware that you have other options to select different Desktop Environments apart from the default GNOME, which we generally use to download directly from their download page.
Apart from the default GNOME, other options are MATE, Cinnamon, KDE Plasma, Xfce, LXQT, LXDE, SOAS, and i3.
So in this step-by-step tutorial, we will show you how you can Install Fedora 36 XFCE Desktop Edition on your system in the easiest way possible. Before proceeding with the installation, one must know the reason for even considering using the XFCE Desktop environment instead of the GNOME Desktop environment.
Why Xfce Environment So Special?
We will be discussing some of the various reasons why you should consider Xfce instead of GNOME or any other DE. So let’s discuss them one by one.
- Lightweight – Xfce Desktop environment is one of the lightest yet capable enough to carry whatever you throw at it compared to the GNOME Desktop environment, known as resource-hungry DE. So if you have limited system resources, the Xfce Desktop environment will ensure your system runs as smoothly in every possible way.
- Stability – In terms of stability, Xfce Desktop Environment easily beats some of the more popular alternatives like GNOME and KDE, and there’s a good reason behind that. Instead of releasing a new version every six months, the Xfce team believes in a more reliable experience. This is the only reason Xfce is with Debian because both offer the same sense of stability.
- Simplicity – Desktop Environment such as KDE is not simple and does not follow the KIS (Keep It Simple) principle for various users. If your preference is a simple yet powerful Desktop Environment, Xfce Desktop Environment should be your next choice as Xfce promotes simplicity. Everything from the placement of the icons to the menu bar, everything can be understood quickly.
- Customization – Is Xfce does not look enough by default? No worries because many customisation options allow you to customize your desktop how you want it. Surely, the customization options can’t be compared to KDE Plasma, but if you’re switching from GNOME, you’ll definitely want what Xfce DE is offering to you.
You must try Xfce DE if you are looking for something lightweight yet stable and configurable. Xfce DE is one of the official Fedora spins, and if you are convinced of what it has to offer, let’s jump to the installation process.
Install Fedora 36 XFCE Desktop Edition in Fedora Linux
As always, we will cover this guide in the simplest manner possible so that you can benefit from what we offer, even if you are a beginner. So let’s start with the installation steps.
Step 1: Download Fedora XFCE DE and Create Bootable Drive
You can navigate to the official source for easily downloading Fedora Xfce spin. While downloading ISO, please ensure you are only fetching files from the official source for security reasons.
Once you are done with downloading the ISO file, it’s time to create a bootable drive which will be used in the installation process of Fedora 36 XFCE DE.
Various bootable tools are available, but we will use a cross-platform open-source tool balenaEtcher.
Insert the USB/DVD drive into your system after installing balenaEtcher. Open balenaEtcher and select Fedora Xfce ISO by clicking on the Flash option.
Click on Select target –> choose external USB/DVD drive. Please make sure that your selected drive is empty, as if any data is there, it will get formatted.
Click on the Flash button, which will handle all the behind-the-scenes processes and your bootable drive will be ready in no time.
Step 2: Boot Fedora XFCE from Bootable Drive
We have to change the order of the boot sequence from the BIOS settings of our system to boot from the recently created bootable drive.
Restart your system and press F2, F10, F12, or Del when you see the computer’s logo or motherboard manufacturer’s logo to enter into the BIOS.
Once you enter BIOS settings, go to the Boot menu, where you can configure the boot process. Select USB/DVD drive as the #1 Boot option and save changes.
The system will reboot itself once you save changes and give us several options. Choose the first option labelled “Start Fedora-Xfce-Live 36”, followed by the “Enter” button.
You need to start the installer to start the installation process after booting from the external drive. Double-click on icon to start the installer “Install to Hard Drive”.
Fedora OS uses the Anaconda installer, which is one of the few installers that ask to choose installer language before proceeding further. Click on the Continue button once you select your preferred installer language.
We will start with choosing the appropriate keyboard layout as in the later part; we are required to create users, create passwords, etc. Click on Keyboard to choose your keyboard layout.
Click on Keyboard to choose your appropriate keyboard layout as we are required to create users, create passwords, etc., in the later part.
Select the date and time according to our region. Click on Time & Date, which will allow us to configure time according to our region.
Step 3: Configure Fedora Installation Partitions
In this step, select the drive on which Fedora will be installed and how to handle partitioning. You will learn how to choose automatic and manual partitions with the configuration. Click on the Installation Destination to proceed.
For Automatic Partitioning
Trust me, for most users, the default partition is the way to go, and Anaconda’s installer does a good job of partitioning automatically. Click on the drive you want to install Fedora on and select Automatic under Storage configuration, and you’re done.
For Manual Partitioning
Do not use this option if you do not know what you are doing. To initiate manual partitioning, select the Custom option under Storage Configuration and click Done, which will prompt you to manually partition the selected drive.
Click on the + button to create manual partitions and select LVM as a partitioning scheme.
As shown below, we will create the partitions with the mounting points and sizes.
Mount Point: /boot - Size 800M Mount Point: swap - Size 4GB Mount Point: /root - Size 10GB Mount Point: /home - Allocate the remaining size
Repeat the same for all other portions; the result after configuring partitions will look like this:
Click on the Done button, which will show you the summary of changes. Click on Accept changes, and we are done with partitions.
Step 4: Configure Network & Host Name
You can skip this step if you are connected through Ethernet and have no interest in changing the hostname. To configure the hostname, click on Network & Host Name option.
Here, you can change your default hostname from localhost-live to anything you desire.
If you are using a wireless connection and want to connect your system with WIFI, click on the network manager applet in the top left corner, which will bring a list of all devices.
Step 5: Create Users and Root Account
Before creating a user and root account, make sure you come up with different strong passwords. Once you are ready with them, click on the User Creation option.
Enter your desired username with a strong password, and make sure to add this user to the wheel group by which we can elevate root privileges for certain commands.
Now, let’s create a password by clicking on the Root Account option.
To create a root password, we have to enable a root account that allows remote access to this system’s root account. Enable root account and enter a strong password, and that’s it.
Important: Make sure you use different user and root account passwords.
Finally, we can click on Begin Installation to start the installation.
Once the installation is complete, click on Finish installation and reboot your system.
So if you went through the given steps carefully, you would be welcomed with the GRUB screen. Hit enter, and you will be booted into the newly installed system.
While making this tutorial, we tried to cover almost every option that the installer has to offer, which can be helpful for beginners and also advanced users. But if we missed something or you have any queries, let us know in the comments.