Characteristics of Computer or Features of Computers both are same things.
Today we will discuss here some of the characteristics of the computer which makes it an extremely useful device in this era.
So let’s discuss this one by one
Accuracy means the closeness of a measured value to a standard or known value. So in computers, accuracy means at what rate a computer can process the data and perform calculations. Errors may occur due to incorrect input of data by the user’s inconsistency or inaccuracy.
Speed can be defined as, how fast a computer can process the data with accuracy and precision. A powerful computer can perform trillions of calculations per second with the highest degree of accuracy and precision.
On the Internet, many experts have their views that Storage and Memory are 2 different topics but in my opinion, these are the same things. So let’s discuss Storage/Memory here in detail.
Storage/memory is of 2 types
- Primary Memory
- Secondary Memory / Storage
Primary memory is a volatile memory. It may be Random Access Memory (RAM), Cache Memory or data buses, but is primarily associated with RAM.
As soon as a computer starts, primary memory loads all running applications, including the operating system (OS), any user-installed and running software utility. A program/application that is opened in primary memory interacts with the system processor to perform all application-specific tasks.
Secondary Memory / Storage
Secondary memory is non-volatile memory and strong in nature and is not directly accessed by a computer/processor. It allows a user to store data that is instantly and easily retrieved, transported and used by applications and services.
Secondary memory consists of all permanent storage devices, flash drives, hard disk drives (HDD), magnetic tapes and other types of internal/external storage media.
In computing operations, secondary memory is accessed only by the primary or main memory and later transported to the processor.
Secondary memory is slower than primary memory but can store and retain data, even if the computer is not connected to electrical power.
I will write a detailed blog about this topic later on.
A computer is a consistent machine, it means that the computer never gets tired of working more. You can use a computer to perform your task without any error for any number of hours, any number of hours means you can use your computer system continuously for 24 hours a day and 365 days a year.
- Automation is also a special feature of computers.
- A computer is an automatic machine because once started on a job they carry on until the job is finished without any human assistance.
- Let us understand this with an example, suppose you have to copy 100 or 200 files of your computer in Pen drive.
- As soon as you gave the computer the instruction to copy all the files, then the computer starts copying all your 100 or 200 files to the Pen drive, then you do not need to give instructions to copy every file again and again.
- This whole process of a computer is called automation.
I hope you understand.
- Reliability is a very big characteristic of computers. Today almost all the big industries or big e-Commerce companies like Amazon and Flipkart, and big search engine companies like – Google and Bing, all these companies are dependent on computers.
- Today every major industry and companies in the world have full confidence in their computers, and their entire business is running from computers.
- Today the work of all companies is being done through computers. These companies store all their data in the computer, the data of these companies are many types data such as the amount to be paid, the date of payment and many other types of data, which will be used in future when the time comes for that data use.
- Data place to another place is transported through a computer in a very short time.
- The computer does all its work very honestly. Night or day, the computer continues its work without being tired. Today this is the reason why big e-commerce companies and industries blindly trust computers.
- Versatility means that the computer is capable of doing any kind of work. Let us understand computer Versatility in detail.
- It means The computer is capable of performing any type of instruction given by the user, such as playing videos, downloading, running the Internet, the computer is capable of doing all these instructions.
- Versatility is the Characteristics of a computer. It means is that the computer is capable of working in almost every field.
- Today computers are being used almost everywhere like schools, colleges, hospitals, offices, railway stations, hotels etc.
- A computer system is multitasking so that you can do two tasks very easily at the same time.
- Diligence means that the computer is capable of doing any work for a long time without getting tired and getting stops.
- This is also one of the special features of the computer. Let us understand it in detail.
- A person gets tired of doing some work in a few hours and a computer has the ability to do any work continuously for many hours, days, months.
- Even after the computer has worked for such a long time, there is no decrease in its ability to work and the accuracy of the result.
- The computer does work without any discrimination. A computer is free from monetary and tiredness.
- Even if the computer does any work for weeks in a row, then the computer will do that work with the same speed and accuracy.
- No matter how long the computer works, but it never gets boring.